retrograde

retrograde
retrograde [re′trə grād΄]
adj.
[ME < L retrogradus < retrogradi, to go backward: see RETRO- & GRADE]
1. moving or directed backward; retiring or retreating
2. inverse or reverse: said of order
3. going back or tending to go back to an earlier, esp. worse, condition; retrogressive
4. Obs. opposed; contrary
5.
a) Astron. moving in an orbit opposite to the usual orbital direction of similar celestial bodies, as opposite to the direction of the earth in its journey around the sun
b) Astrol. designating motion, real or apparent, on the celestial sphere in a direction from east to west
6. Music designating motion backward in a melody, specif. so as to begin with the last note and end with the first
vi.
retrograded, retrograding [L retrogradi]
1. to go, or seem to go, backward
2. to become worse; decline; deteriorate; degenerate
3. Astron. to have a retrograde motion
retrogradation [re΄trəgrā dā′shən, re΄trəgrə dā′shən]
n.
retrogradely
adv.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • rétrograde — [ retrɔgrad ] adj. • XIVe; lat. retrogradus, rac. gradi; cf. grade, graduel ♦ Qui va en arrière. 1 ♦ Math. Sens rétrograde, opposé au sens direct. Rotation dans le sens rétrograde, dans le sens des aiguilles d une montre. ⇒ dextrorsum .… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Retrograde — Re tro*grade, a. [L. retrogradus, from retrogradi, retrogressus, to retrograde; retro back + gradi to step: cf. F. r[ e]trograde. See {Grade}.] 1. (Astron.) Apparently moving backward, and contrary to the succession of the signs, that is, from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Retrograde — may refer to: * Retrograde signaling, in neuroscience * Retrograde, a type of musical permutation * Retrograde and direct motion, the movement of an astronomical object * Retrograde ejaculation, in medicine * Retrograde menstruation occurs… …   Wikipedia

  • Retrograde — Rétrograde Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Retrograde — Re tro*grade, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Retrograded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Retrograding}.] [L. retrogradare, retrogradi: cf. F. r[ e]trograder.] 1. To go in a retrograde direction; to move, or appear to move, backward, as a planet. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • retrograde — adj *backward, retrogressive, regressive Analogous words: reversed, inverted (see REVERSE vb): relapsing, lapsing, backsliding (see LAPSE vb) retrograde vb *recede, retreat, back, retract Analogous words: *retur …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • retrograde — ► ADJECTIVE 1) directed or moving backwards. 2) (of the order of something) reversed; inverse. 3) reverting to an earlier and inferior condition. 4) chiefly Astronomy proceeding in a reverse direction from normal, especially (of planetary motion) …   English terms dictionary

  • retrograde — index decadent, decay, depreciate, deteriorate, recidivate, regress, regressive, relapse, return ( …   Law dictionary

  • retrograde — late 14c., originally of the apparent motions of planets, from L. retrogradus going backward, from retrogradi move backward, from retro backward (see RETRO (Cf. retro )) + gradi to go, step (see GRADE (Cf. grade) (n.)). General sense of tending… …   Etymology dictionary

  • retrograde — Retrograde. adj. Il ne se dit que des Planetes, lorsqu elles se meuvent contre l ordre des signes, qu elles vont du Taureau, par exemple dans le Belier. Les Planetes paroissent plus grandes quand elles sont retrogrades. le soleil ni la lune ne… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

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